Currently the Banded Pygmy Sunfish are found from the lower Roanoke River drainage in North Carolina to the southern to middle parts of the St. Johns River in Florida. Also they are found west to the Brazos River drainage in Texas and north to lower Wabash River drainage in Indiana and Illinois. Banded Pygmy Sunfish are spring spawners which usually spawn in March through June. Eggs are laid on ceratophyllum if it is available, as it is in most wetland areas. If not enough ceratophyllum or similar vegetation is available, then eggs are scattered out on rocky bottoms in still water.
Conservation Fisheries kept Banded Pygmy Sunfish for several years.